Area 1 Envirothon
     

Envirothon 2007

Wood County

Wildlife Eco-Station

   

1.  Name the animal, primarily a prairie species that is making a comeback in Ohio.

A.                 The great gray owl

B.                 The American badger

C.                The wolverine

D.                The timber rattlesnake

     

2.   Name the animal that could have been found in Ohio within the last 300 years, but is now extirpated because of habitat loss.

A.                 The polar bear

B.                 The mountain lion

C.                The giant beaver

D.                The beaver

 

3.   Ohio’s very own Lake Erie Water Snake was recently featured on the Discovery Channel Show “Dirty Jobs.” This snake has been the subject of an Ohio Division of Wildlife study for what reason?

A.                 They suspect that the venom of this snake has important cancer fighting antibodies

B.                 The snake has become so numerous in the Lake Erie area that it is making it dangerous for people to walk on beaches

C.                This species’ numbers have declined due to development of its shoreline habitat and the study is to prevent extinction

D.                Division of Wildlife is releasing this species to control the wild boar problem in Ohio

 

4.   The spot you are standing in is mainly part of which of the following four North American migratory bird flyways?

A.                 The Mississippi flyway

B.                 The Pacific flyway

C.                The Atlantic flyway

D.                The Central flyway

 

5.   During certain winters, raptors from the extreme northern United States and Canada have been found in the Bowling Green area.  Name the best example of one of these raptors.

A.                 The osprey

B.                 The red tailed hawk

C.                The snowy owl

D.                The peregrine falcon 

 

6.   Name the main reason for such a raptor movement as is discussed in the previous question.

A.                 Colder weather patterns are making it difficult for these birds to survive the temperature

B.                 The prey populations of these birds crash, and there is not enough food for the birds where they usually spend the winter.

C.                Global warming is causing the ice caps to melt and flood the birds’ hunting grounds

D.                Humans are disturbing pristine habitats and raptors fly south to escape human disturbance.

 

7.   Habitat destruction and extensive trapping caused scarcity of this aquatic mammal that has been slowly making a comeback in this part of Ohio after a successful Division of Wildlife reintroduction project.

A.                 The Muskrat

B.                 The Allegheny Wood Rat

C.                The River Otter

D.                The American Badger

 

8.   Name a benefit to Ohio’s wildlife population of using wind as an alternative source of energy.

A.                 Wind energy is mostly produced in other countries, so it won’t negatively affect Ohio’s native wildlife.

B.                 Wind turbines do not produce atmospheric emissions that may cause acid rain.

C.                Wind turbines provide excellent nesting sites for birds of prey such as hawks and eagles.

D.                Wind turbines will mostly be built in urban areas, where there is little wildlife to be negatively affected.

 

9.   Frogs and toads have been in the news recently especially for what reason?

A.                 They are running out of food in their aquatic habitats

B.                 A new species of toad has been discovered in Ohio

C.                Massive amounts of individuals are being found dried up due to global warming

D.                There are frogs and toads being found with bodily deformities and mutations

 

10. The male Indigo Bunting is a bird that is named for its bright blue hue.  What is the real color of the male’s feathers and why?

A.                 They really are blue, this is a trick question.

B.                 They really are black or brown.  The feathers are structured so as to reflect the color blue.

C.                They are really white or cream. The birds’ skin is a dark blue color which reflects onto the white feathers, making them look blue.

D.                They really are yellow.  Since the bird is a woodland species and often in the shadow of trees, it appears the feathers are blue.

  

11. Name a characteristic of the coyote that generally will help to determine the difference between it and a domestic dog.

A.                 When traveling, the coyote takes a very meandering path

B.                 The coyote usually has an exceptionally long coat.

C.                The coyote has a very short snout and a distinctive odor

D.                The coyote usually runs with its tail held at a downward 45 degree angle

 

12. The Timber Rattlesnake, one of Ohio’s endangered reptiles, is endangered partially because of what contributing factor?

A.                 The females have so many young that they can only give birth one time throughout their lives.

B.                 Females usually don’t become sexually mature until after they’re 5-10 year of age.

C.                Their young are highly carnivorous and one usually eats many of the others right after birth.

D.                All of the above

 

13. This insect can fly at speeds up to 40 km/hour every late summer and fall to its wintering grounds in the Oyamel fir forests in the volcanic highlands of central Mexico.  Name this insect, found at this site from May until October.

A.                 The dung beetle

B.                 The cecropia moth

C.                The monarch butterfly

D.                The Hines Emerald Dragonfly

 

14. Most birds have a very poor sense of smell, but if the young were removed from this bird’s nest and put back before the parents arrived, they would likely know you were there by your scent.  If either of the parents arrived while you were in the vicinity of the nest, then woe to you, you’d probably be thrown up on.  Name this Ohio bird that can be found near this site spring through fall.

A.                 The American Robin

B.                 The Great blue heron

C.                The Ring billed Gull

D.                The Turkey Vulture

 

15. There are eleven bat species found in Ohio.  Choose the bat species that you would not find in the wild in this state.

A.                 The Big Brown Bat

B.                 The Indiana Bat

C.                The Vampire Bat

D.                The Eastern Pipistrelle

 

16. Walking this site in the spring, you come across a sight that many would consider horror movie- worthy.  You see on the ground before you, many snakes, writhing in a ball.  What are you likely observing?

A.                 A garter snake mating ritual

B.                 Snakes suffering the effects of pesticide poisoning

C.                Carnivorous milk snakes, preying upon each other after winter hibernation

D.                Snakes raising their body temperature by sharing body heat from each other

 

17. In the United States we use more petroleum than any other energy source.  Choose the letter below with an example of wildlife that has been or may be negatively affected by our country’s dependency on oil.

A.                 Polar bears can be disturbed by human activity caused by oil drilling during the Alaskan winter, causing them to leave their dens and young.

B.                 Frogs found on or near oil fields have shown a high percentage of deformities such as missing hind legs and feet, club feet,  and missing eyes due to toxic chemicals spilled by oil companies.

C.                The Exxon Valdez oil tanker spill, the largest oil spill in the United States’ history, killed thousands of birds by causing the waterproofing ability and temperature control of their feathers to be compromised.

D.                All of the above.

 

18. Ohio currently boasts of over 580 species of spiders.  Of these, only a few are considered dangerous to humans.   Choose the answer that contains two of Ohio’s dangerous spider species.

A.                 The tarantula and the golden orb weaver

B.                 The wolf spider and recluse species

C.                The widow species and recluse species

D.                The widow species and the crab spider

 

19. The bird that I brought with me today, the Barred Owl, has a close cousin, the Northern Spotted Owl, native to the Pacific Northwest.  Its population has been most threatened by what form of habitat destruction?

A.                 Old Growth forest habitat destruction from logging practices

B.                 Urbanization in farm areas

C.                Pollution to ocean waters

D.                Construction of oil drilling operations

 

20. Name a negative effect on Ohio’s wildlife population of using wind as an alternative source of energy.

A.                 The strong breeze from the rotating blades of wind turbines can interfere with certain mammals’ ability to smell their prey.

B.                 Forests usually have to be cut down to have enough space to place a wind turbine.

C.                Sometimes birds are killed by flying into the rotors of wind turbines during migration or other times.

D.                There are no negative effects on wildlife due to wind turbines.

 

21. Last year there were over 200 young fledged from Ohio nests of this often newsworthy bird that has recently been removed from the federal endangered species list.

A.                 The ivory billed woodpecker

B.                 The bald eagle

C.                The golden eagle

D.                The spotted owl 

 

22. You find this track in a wooded area of southeastern Ohio.  What family of animals do they belong to and why?

A.                 The cat family, because members of the cat family usually walk with their claws extended for traction.

B.                 The canine family, because canines always leave perfect tracks in varying ground conditions.

C.                The cat family, because only cat tracks display four toes.

D.                The canine family, because the track is oval in shape, with claw marks showing.  Canines can’t retract their claws.

 

23. The skull you see before you belongs to what type of mammal?

A.                 Omnivore

B.                 Frugivore

C.                Herbivore

D.                Carnivore

 

24. The sound you hear when you press the button is this Ohio animal’s warning signal to other members of its colony. Name this animal and the cause of the sound.

A.                 A muskrat, doing its aerial warning display and plummeting into the water to safety.

B.                 A river otter, gathering its family by doing a warning slide down a riverbank into the water.

C.                An osprey, diving from a perch to the water when a predator is close.

D.                A beaver, slapping its tail on the water.

 

25. The live bird you see before you is a barred owl, and could possibly be found at this site.  Its primary diet is small rodents, but also includes reptiles and amphibians.  What is its prime habitat?

A.                 Open fields and meadow areas

B.                 In the vicinity of man made structures

C.                Highway corridors

D.                Wooded river bottoms

 

26. The young of the marsupial mammal whos fur you see before you are plentiful, and so small that when they are born a litter of 14 will fit into one teaspoon.   What mammal’s fur are you looking at?  

A.                 Raccoon

B.                 Oppossum

C.                Badger

D.                Long tailed weasel

 

27. Look at the four amphibian species pictured and labeled below.  Which amphibian would be most unlikely to be found near this site?

A.                 The leopard frog:  slow moving streams, or ponds and swamps in spring

B.                 The green frog:  permanent or temporary bodies of water with lots of edge vegetation

C.                The Eastern spadefoot toad:  valleys with loose sandy soil near major river drainages

D.                The Eastern gray tree frog:  all types of woodlands; wet woods and swamp forests especially 

 

28. You find this scat on a log protruding from the creek behind this site.  Which Ohio mammal has left behind these remains of its herbivorous diet? 

A.                 The raccoon

B.                 The mink

C.                The muskrat

D.                The meadow vole

 

29. Press the button to listen to the call of the following amphibian that can likely be heard at this site in the early spring:  Which of the following amphibians make this call, which can be heard for up to ½ mile?

A.                 Spring peeper

B.                 The American toad

C.                The Bullfrog

D.                The Eastern gray tree frog

 

30. Name the kind of reptile that used to be housed in this shell

A.                 Sea turtle

B.                 Snapping turtle

C.                Map turtle

D.                Blanding’s turtle

 

Test Key