Area 1 Envirothon
     

Envirothon 2007

Wood County

Current Environmental Issues

   

 Section One: Basic Electric Infrastructure

             

  1. Identify the trait or traits which best describe an electric transmission company:

A.                 The company operates on a regional or multi-state level.

B.                 The company is responsible to deliver generation directly to local electric distribution companies.

C.                The company offers service to local industries, businesses and residential   consumers.

D.                A and B.

 

  1. Identify the trait or traits which best describe an electric generation company:

A.                 The company operates on a regional or multi-state level

B.                 The company is responsible to deliver generation directly to local electric distribution companies.

C.                The company provides generation from large-scale, centralized generation plants.

D.                A and C.

 

  1. Identify the trait or traits which best describe an electric distribution company:

A.                 The company operates on a regional or multi-state level

B.                 The company offers service to local industries, businesses and residential consumers.

C.                The company offers generation and transmission services.

D.                All the above.

 

  1. The first two logical steps consumers need to follow in creating effective strategies leading to lower energy costs are:

A.                 Invest/upgrade to energy efficient appliances

B.                 Perform electric load profiling research

C.                Discontinue service with their local distribution company

D.                A and B

 

 Section Two: Basic Fuel Properties

  

5.  Identify the trait or traits fossil and renewable fuel feed stocks have in common:

A.        Each feed stock contains complex molecular chains of hydrocarbons.

B.        Each feed stock can trace its origins to biological processes.

C.        Once processed, each feed stock generates basically the same caloric value, power or capacity to perform work.

D.        A and B

  

6.      A major factor determining why one fossil or renewable fuel is cleaner than another is:

A.                 Altitude and Air Pressure - Burning fuel at higher altitudes and lower air pressure translates to less byproducts and emissions produced.

B.                 Hydrocarbon Structure – Fuels with more hydrogen and less carbon molecules in their hydrocarbon chains will burn cleaner with less byproducts and emissions.

C.                Clarity – The clearer the fuel in its liquid state, less byproducts and emissions are produced.

D.                All of the above.

 

7.  Which method or methods best combine fossil and renewable feed stocks into one consumer product:

A.                 Combining both fossil and renewable feed stocks together as part of one refining process and letting them chemically combine into one fuel.

B.                 Creating each fossil and renewable fuel separately, then “splash” blending differing amounts of the finished fuels together.

C.                Burning a fossil fuel in an engine, then injecting a renewable fuel into the engine afterburner for additional power.

D.                All of the above.

 

8.  The term, duel fuel capacity refers to:

A.                 The ability to burn both fossil and renewable fuels simultaneously in one engine or process.

B.                 A facility that can utilize different types of fossil or renewable fuels at different times to control energy costs.

C.                A and B.

D.                None of the above.

 

9.  A strategy that combines a variety of both fossil and renewable fuels to lower costs and ensures supply security is called:

A.                 Renewable Portfolio Standard

B.                 Alternative Fuels Standard

C.                Diversified Energy Portfolio

D.                All of the above.

  

Section Three: Biomass Energy

 

  1.  Basic biomass feed stocks come from:

A.                 Man-made industrial and consumer wastes such as plastics, metals and glass.

B.                 Materials originating from plant growth and animal activity.

C.                Byproducts from coal-fired combustion and nuclear generation.

D.                Refined petroleum byproducts such as propane and heating oil.

 

  1.  ____________  work on biomass and break down complex sugars and structures and compounds into basic forms through digestion.

A.                 Hydrochloric acids

B.                 Saline compounds

C.                Microbe cultures

D.                Carbohydrates

 

  1.  Biomass reactors and digesters produce the following product(s):

A.                 Methane gas

B.                 Fertilizers

C.                Solid fuels

D.                All of the above.

 

  1.  Identify the basic technology or platform used to create motor fuels such as ethanol:

A.                 Thermochemical

B.                 Compost

C.                Sugar

D.                Hydrogenation

 

  1.  Identify the basic technology or platform used to create biodiesel, inks and building materials:

A.                 Thermochemical

B.                 Compost

C.                Sugar

D.                Hydrogenation

 

  1.  Identify the following industries that are evaluating biomass reactors and digesters as effective waste management, materials production and/or renewable energy production:

A.                 Agriculture

B.                 Food processing

C.                Mining

D.                A and B

 

Section Four: Solar Energy

 

16.  Solar radiation is the basis for the following form or forms of renewable energy:

A.                 Solar

B.                 Wind

C.                Biomass

D.                All of the above

 

17.  Buildings designed for natural or ___________ solar and/or daylighting incorporate a variety of design features that efficiently absorb and slowly release the sun's heat.  

A.                 Mechanical

B.                 Passive

C.                Concentrated

D.                Thermal

 

18.  The natural or daylighting strategy that capitalizes on creating or collecting solar energy by aligning the building on an east-west axis is know as __________________.

A.                 Compass pointing

B.                 Orientation

C.                Thermal alignment

D.                All of the above.

  

19.  The simplest passive heat design, where the sun shines, heating the building up is know as a _______________ system.

A.                 Natural solar system

B.                 Direct gain system

C.                Indirect gain system

D.                Isolated gain system

 

20.  A building’s ________________ acts as a battery, collecting and slowly releasing heat generated by solar energy.

A.                 Floor area

B.                 Roof area

C.                Reflective mass

D.                Thermal mass

 

21. The concentrated solar technology that converts sunlight directly into electricity using semiconducting material where solar energy knocks electrons loose from their atoms, allowing the electrons to flow through the material to produce electricity is know as ______________________.

A.                 Solar cells

B.                 Thermal dynamics

C.                Photovoltaics

D.                All the above

E.                 None of the above

     

22. First generation photovoltaic (PV) arrays that use ultra pure silica sand as a basic feed stock generate electricity for a single building or, in large numbers, for a power plant is known as ____________________.

A.                 Crystalline silicon

B.                 Thin film

C.                Group III-V Technology

D.                A and C

  

Section Five:  Wind Energy

 

23.  Identify the source(s) of fuel for wind turbine generation:

A.            Differences in frontal boundary air pressure causing air movement and currents.

B.              Differing temperatures between surface features and the surrounding atmosphere creating thermals causing air movement and currents.

C.               Solar radiation.

D.               All the above.

 

24.  Wind turbine technology is developed to provide electric generation on the

      following level(s):

A.                 On-site generation for residential, small business, and mercantile energy consumers.

B.                 Small utility scale generation

C.                Large utility scale generation

D.                All the above.

  

25.  Identify the factor(s) that describe(s) the most current trend(s) in wind turbine technology:

A.                 Metal latticework towers reduce wind resistance.

B.                 Low speed RPM turbines generate more power

C.                Large three - blade rotors are being replaced by smaller, multi-blade rotors.

D.                All the above.

 

26.  Identify the factor(s) that describe(s) the most current trend(s) in wind turbine technology:

A.                 Wind turbine generation provides a cost-effective alternative to utility connection in remote areas.

B.                 Wind turbine generation strategically placed in local distribution circuits can help communities control electric generation costs.

C.                Wind turbine generation can effectively replace generation from the grid.

D.                A and C

 

27. Identify the factor(s) that need(s) to be considered in wind turbine site selection:

A.                 Adjoining property lines and structures.

B.                 Weight limits for neighborhood bridges.

C.                Access roads for ease of maintenance.

D.                All the above.

  

Section Six: Other Forms of Renewable Energy 

 

28. Identify the basic factor(s) that characterize(s) fuel cell technology:

A.                 Regardless of technical design, all fuel cells run on hydrogen.

B.                 Fuel cells generate electricity and heat, making them practical for combined heat and power applications.

C.                Fuel cells generally weigh close to a ton or more.

D.                A and B

 

29. A renewable technology that uses concepts similar to hydropower is:

A.                 Geothermal Power

B.                 Snow Pack Power

C.                Tidal power 

D.                Cold Fusion Power

 

30. A renewable technology that utilizes water flow, constant ground temperature and heat transfer is: 

A.                 Geothermal Power

B.                 Snow Pack Power

C.                Tidal power

D.                Cold Fusion Power 

 

Test Key