Area 1 Envirothon
     

Envirothon 2006

Lucas County

Wildlife Eco-Station

   

1)          Many have pointed to a global warming as a cause of climatic changes being experienced around the world.  If this trend continues:

A)    Forest ecosystems could face drastic changes

B)    Ducks and other waterfowl could lose prime breeding habitat

C)    Both A and B

D)    Climatic changes have little effect on forest ecosystems or waterfowl

 

2)          Wildlife populations decrease primarily due to habitat destruction.  The type of habitat loss that’s been critical during Ohio’s history is:

A)    Loss of wetlands

B)    Loss of forestland

C)    Degradation of streams, rivers, and lakes

D)    All of the above

 

3)          The ODNR Division of Wildlife uses six categories to define the current status of selected wildlife species in Ohio. Which of the following is used to quantify the current population status of Ohio wildlife species?

A)    Species of concern

B)    Non-native

C)    Threatened

D)    Both A and C

 

4)          Many scientists believe Ohio’s ecosystems will be impacted from a changing climate, mainly due to:

A)    The burning of fossil fuels

B)    An increase in crop production

C)    Tourism

D)    None of the above 

 

5)          Prior to the 1900’s, the Canis latrans was generally located west of the Mississippi, but now can be found throughout the Buckeye state.  We commonly refer to this species as the:

A)    Gray fox

B)    Coyote

C)    Red fox

D)    Black bear

 

6)          Climatic changes can affect various species of birds regarding their:

A)    Migratory patterns

B)    Mating ability

C)    Navigational skills

D)    All of the above

 

7)          Blue Creek Conservation Area is located on the edge of the Oak Openings Region, a unique and diverse ecosystem supporting the:

A)    Karner Blue Butterfly

B)    Lark Sparrow

C)    Badger

D)    All of the above

 

8)          Historically, habitat loss and unregulated hunting and trapping during the late 1700’s and early 1800’s eliminated the Lutras canadensis and many other species from Ohio and throughout the Midwest.  Recently reintroduced to Ohio, we know this mammal as the:

A)    Mink

B)    Beaver

C)    River otter

D)    Weasel

 

9)          Which of the following is a FALSE statement?

A)    Nuisance mammals, such as raccoons and skunks, would benefit from climatic changes (warmer temperatures).

B)    Devastating insects would become more widely established in a warmer climate.

C)    A warming trend would typically lower the likelihood of parasitic transference.

D)    Certain bird species may benefit from a warmer climate, while others could suffer.

 

10)      A particular habitat will only support a certain wildlife population. Which of the following best defines this?

A)    Renewable resource

B)    Bag limit

C)    Carrying capacity

D)    Propagation

 

11)      The best wildlife management tool for keeping “game” populations somewhat balanced is:

A)    Regulated hunting and trapping

B)    Animal birth control measures

C)    Establishment of wildlife sanctuaries

D)    Both B and C

 

12)      Which animal is not often associated with either crop damage or nuisance complaints in Ohio?

A)    Ruffed grouse

B)    Wild Turkey

C)    White-tailed Deer

D)    Canada Goose

 

13)      Also referred to as the “marsh rabbit”, this skull belongs to a freshwater rodent that is the most important and abundant of the furbearers in Ohio. 

A)    Mink

B)    Juvenile beaver

C)    Snowshoe hare

D)    Muskrat

 

14)      Though rare, which poisonous snake might an individual most likely encounter in northwestern Ohio?

A)    Lake Erie water moccasin

B)    Eastern massasauga

C)    Timber rattlesnake

D)    None of these

 

15)      Which of the following statements is correct?

A)    A habitat created for one species of wildlife is good for all other species.

B)    Certain species of wildlife have specific habitat needs.

C)    It is best to create habitat away from water.

D)    All species of wildlife are highly adaptable, so habitat losses are not  much of a concern.

 

16)      Good conservation practices for fish and wildlife habitat include:

A)    Streamside buffers, restored wetlands, and ponds

B)    Diverse grass plantings, windbreaks, clean source of water

C)    Creating connections between corridors, managed woodlands, and grasslands

D)    All of the above

 

17)      After being exterpated from Ohio by 1913, the ODNR Division of Wildlife began a reintroduction program in 1996 to bring back the “fish hawk”, better known as the:

A)    Peregrine falcon

B)    Great Blue Heron

C)    Osprey

D)    Great Horned Owl

 

18)      In the effort to slow climate change and its effect on wildlife, we can:

A)    Plant trees, which absorb carbon dioxide from the air

B)    Stop utilizing reusable and recyclable products

C)    Don’t worry about it; climate change will have little or no effect on most wildlife species

D)    Both B and C

 

19)      Once considered an endangered species in Ohio, effective wildlife management will now permit the first modern day trapping season during the 2005-06 season for the:

A)    Black bear

B)    Snowshoe hare

C)    Mink

D)    River Otter

 

20)      When managing property for wildlife, the planning process should involve:

A)    Evaluating the land, then setting goals and objectives

B)    Consider any alternatives and options

C)    Develop a habitat management plan and after implementation, monitor the results

D)    All of the above

 

21)      To create a wildlife food plot, one should first consider:

A)    The type of wildlife you wish to attract and hold

B)    The best place to plant the food plot, type of food source, and season

C)    Both A and B

D)    Never planting food plots, because it makes wildlife become too dependant upon humans

 

22)      Completely extirpated from Ohio’s landscape by 1850, sightings of the Ursus americanus, though rare, are happening even in northwestern Ohio.  We commonly refer to this wildlife species as the:

A)    Mountain lion

B)    Timber wolf

C)    Black bear

D)    Wolverine

 

23)      The largest impact in the United States from global warming is expected to take place at:

A)    High latitudes like the Arctic regions

B)    Mid latitudes like the Great Plains

C)    Low latitudes like the Southwest

D)    Global warming will not have an impact on any of the above regions

 

24)      Which of the following groups of organisms is most likely to benefit from increasing levels of CO2 in the atmosphere?

A)    Ducks

B)    Trees

C)    Fish

D)    Humans

 

25)      In order for wildlife populations to have the best chance to flourish, wildlife biologists recommend that two or more types of habitat be adjoining, commonly referred to as:

A)    Urban-Rural convergence

B)    Edge effect

C)    Floodplain ordinance

D)    Only one habitat type is recommended per location in order to minimize species conflicts

 

26)      Disease is just one of the “limiting factors” that determine wildlife populations.  Which of the following has not been documented among Ohio’s wildlife?

A)    West Nile Virus

B)    Rabies

C)    Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD)

D)    Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD)

 

27)      Potential impacts of climate change, especially to northern Ohio, could include:

A)    Declining lake levels in both inland lakes and Lake Erie

B)    Diminished groundwater recharge, thus poorer water quality and less habitat for wildlife

C)    Pressure to increase water extraction from the Great Lakes

D)    All of the above

 

                                   Test Key